Tag Archives: Immanuel Kant

January 27

The Heart and Soul of Romanticism

In deep meditation we encounter our own non-existence, or at least we discover that we are not who, or what, we thought we were. We see that our experience is made up of a never-ending parade of passing experiences. These experiences are all real experiences, but we have no way of knowing if they are […]

May 06

The Triumph of Romanticism

“All the knowledge I possess everyone else can acquire, but my heart is all my own.”  ― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe  “We of the craft are all crazy.” ― Lord Byron A CRASH COURSE IN WESTERN PHILOSOPHY: LESSON 6 As we discussed in earlier lessons for a time during the 18th Century it seems that […]

January 08

The Expansion of Mind

In the 18th century Immanuel Kant articulated a magnificent vision of how the human mind keeps us contained within a single worldview. Kant realized that we don’t see the world as it is. Instead we see a world that is created by our minds from a selective harvesting of our experience. We see a phenomenal […]

The Assumption of Reality

When we think about reality or talk about reality the big assumption we almost always make is that there is a reality to think and talk about. When Rene Descartes drew an astonishingly original distinction between the subject and the object he began a stream of thought that solidified a certain relationship to the concept […]

The Integral Assumption of American Philosophy

Mind cannot exist without matter; matter cannot exist without mind. This is what I have come to see as perhaps the most essential theme that runs through American philosophy. In the modern western world it is the French genius Rene Descartes that is cited as having definitively cleaved mind from matter res cogitans and res […]

The Evolutionary Design of Charles Sanders Peirce

On January 17, 1884 Charles Sanders Peirce presented a paper called “Design and Chance,” to the members of the Metaphysical Club, an organization that he had founded during the brief time that he taught at Johns Hopkins University.  The brief essay is strikingly original and deeply compelling because it gives us a snapshot of the […]

Kant, Coleridge and the Power of Intuition

My current presentation of the evolutionary ideas of Ralph Waldo Emerson is a good place for a discussion about epistemology to fall in. How do we know what we know? is the question that epistemology asks. Sure we might know something is true, but how do we know it is true? What I am  amazes me […]

March 07

From the Enlightenment to the Romantic Revolution

For a time the rationality of the Enlightenment seemed to hail the final triumph of human reason. Soon the laws that operated behind the universe would all be known and humakind would be able to create the future it wanted. At least that is how it seemed for a while. If Copernicus is the most […]

The Individual and Society

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770 –1831) was a leading figure in the movement of  German Idealism initiated by Immanuel Kant and Hegel’s philosophy  expanded on Kant’s theory of knowledge by adding a social and historical element. Kant had recognized that human beings create knowledge by using laws of reason to incorporate new sensual information cohesively […]

Commitment and Reality: From Kant to Peirce

There was more implied in Kant’s theory of knowledge than the fact that what we see is not an objective world in itself, but rather a picture that is created by us based on sense experience. (As if that wasn’t enough.) Besides stating that we are in an essential way the creators of the world […]